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  • Illegal Gold Mining Activities in South Africa: ‘Zama

    2020-3-4 · The situation in South Africa is no different, where the surge in illegal gold mining activities in many parts of the country is concerning. Illegal gold mining, or ‘Zama Zamas’ a Zulu colloquial term used in South Africa, translating to

  • Illegal mining: what exactly are the rules of the game

    2018-7-31 · Illegal mining in South Africa’s gold sector has over the past decades become one of its greatest challenges. Today, it is a thriving, intelligent and

  • Hawks bust illegal gold refinery operating on the East

    2020-8-29 · “Illegal gold mining has plagued South Africa’s mining companies for decades, robbing the industry and state coffers of billions of rand through small-time pilfering as well as networks run by...

  • Illegal mining in Africa Mining Africa

    2017-2-13 · An Industry worth Billions The Chamber of Mines of South Africa reports that illegal mining in Africa in South Africa alone is an industry worth around ZAR6 billion annually, and that many illegal miners

  • Dealing with the South African surge in illegal mining

    2019-8-29 · A 2017 report by the Minerals Council South Africa (Minerals Council) estimates that the annual commercial value of illegal mining and illicit dealings in precious metals and diamonds is about R7 billion. This activity has a significant economic impact on current mining

  • South Africa's Illegal Miners Risk Everything for Gold

    2020-9-8 · JOHANNESBURG Illegal mining in South Africa is among the most lucrative on the continent, pushing miners to risk health and safety in mostly abandoned shafts. But the

  • Illegal mining on the rise Minerals Council South

    2021-5-14 · Illegal mining is on the rise in South Africa and presents challenges that need to be addressed from a range of perspectives. It takes place both at abandoned mines and at operating mines, with illegal miners often operating out of desparation and dangerous conditions.

  • South Africa's Sibanye declares war on illegal gold

    2017-4-21 · Illegal gold mining costs South Africa’s government and industry more than 20 billion rand ($1.5 billion) a year in lost sales, taxes and royalties,

  • Illegal mining: the problem and Mineral Law in

    2016-5-24 · The South African Human Rights Commission estimates that there are between 8000 and 30 000 illegal miners operating in South Africa. According to the Chamber of Mines, roughly between 5% and 10% of South Africa’s annual gold production stems from illegal mining.

  • Illegal gold mining in South Africa brings hope

    2012-11-9 · South Africa’s abandoned gold mines provide many of the country’s unemployed and immigrants with ways to earn money when odd jobs don’t provide a sustainable living. With an increased unemployment rate of 25.5 percent, many turn to illegal gold mining off a main road outside Johannesburg which hosts dozens of men hoping to strike it rich.

  • Good as Gold? South Africa’s Problem with Illegal

    2014-11-20 · Whether South Africa’s Illegal Gold Mining Problem Is Measured in Revenue, Security Risks, or Human Lives—in the End, Everyone Loses. South Africa is the world’s fifth largest producer of gold, with the gold mining sector representing approximately two percent of South Africa’s GDP.

  • South Africa's Illegal Miners Risk Everything for Gold

    2020-9-8 · Illegal mining in South Africa is among the most lucrative on the continent, pushing miners to risk health and safety in mostly abandoned

  • Illegal gold mining in South Africa brings hope

    2012-11-9 · Julius Mthembu's mud-spattered face lit up as he held a tin pan and pointed to the glimmering flecks of hope lying among sand and water: gold. The find meant the 48-year-old would eat that week.

  • South Africa's Sibanye declares war on illegal gold

    2017-4-21 · Illegal gold mining costs South Africa’s government and industry more than 20 billion rand ($1.5 billion) a year in lost sales, taxes and royalties,

  • Illegal gold mining expands in South Africa at sky

    2014-4-24 · The South African government estimates that 14,000 people are involved in illegal mining throughout the country, the world’s fourth-biggest gold exporter. 1 Share

  • Illegal mining on the rise Minerals Council South

    2021-5-14 · Illegal mining is on the rise in South Africa and presents challenges that need to be addressed from a range of perspectives. It takes place both at abandoned mines and at operating mines, with illegal miners often operating out of desparation and dangerous conditions. The growth in illegal mining, which is now taking place on a large scale

  • The inside story of South Africa's illegal mining boom

    2017-5-22 · A big driver of illegal mining is rising commodity prices. It is estimated that about 10% of South Africa's gold production is stolen and smuggled out of the country

  • South Africa, gold mines continue poisoning

    Illegal gold mining boom. Across South Africa‚ mining towns are under siege from illicit syndicates. These criminal gangs continue working in abandoned and disused mine tunnels. The decline of the gold mining sector, unemployment, illegal migration and poverty have all contributed to the growth of such criminal activity.

  • South Africa’s "gold slaves" Equal Times

    2014-12-2 · Nineteen-year-old Agrippa Machako recounts the day a ‘recruiter' promised him a job as a hotel chef in Johannesburg, South Africa, over 1000 kilometres away from his hometown of Chipinge in Zimbabwe. Today, the teenager's otherwise youthful face and body bears all the scars of the five months he spent toiling as a “gold slave”, 200 metres underground in one of